The reading level for this article is All Levels

The number one rule of being successful in the world of publicity
(or in just about any other field, for that matter):  Don’t
sabotage your efforts with dumb — and easily correctable —
mistakes. Here then are the dumb things that publicity seekers
do.  Avoid them, and you’ll be well on your way to scoring great

1. Thinking Like an Advertiser

The more you remind a reporter that you’re a commercial entity
seeking promotional exposure, the less chance you have. Blatant
ad copy, excessive use of trademark symbols, overblown quotes,
puffed-up claims and other techniques better suited for
advertising copy are sure ways to assure that your release gets
trashed.  You must think like an objective journalist and have a
sense of perspective about who you are and what you sell, and
communicate that in your materials.  If you just can’t do that,
chances are you’ve been…

2. Getting Too Close to Your Product

If you spend all day eating, breathing and sleeping packing tape,
it’s easy to start believing that the slight change you made in
the thickness of your company’s new packing tape is an advance on
par with the printing press and the polio vaccine. Now, if you’re
planning on working with Packing Tape Monthly, perhaps the
editors of that fine publication will agree.  But the guys down
at USA Today may hold a different opinion.   In deciding (a)
what’s newsworthy and (b) how to present this news to the media,
it’s vital that you take many steps back and view your company as
a marginally interested outsider might. If you can’t do that, ask
friends, family and other outsiders to help.

3. Getting too Close to a Journalist

I’ve worked with lots of reporters whose company I enjoyed.  I’ve
shared meals and drinks with a bunch of them.  One thing I’ve
never done, however, is forget who they are and what their jobs
are.  If a reporter is interviewing you, whether in person or on
the phone, never say anything you wouldn’t want to appear in a
story.  Journalists have different interpretations of what “off
the record” means, and it’s foolish to try to test those limits.
Carefully think about everything you say, don’t be pressured into
commenting on things you don’t feel comfortable about, stay on
message, don’t gossip, backbite or share secrets.  In short, just
as the journalist has his or her job to do, so too do you.  Stay

4. Obsessing Over the Big Hits

Maybe you really will get on Oprah.  And maybe you’ll win the
lottery and never have to work again.  In either case, it’s
probably a good idea to have some backup plan in place in case
you don’t beat out the 10 million or so other folks who harbor
the same dreams.

It’s fine to think big, but smart publicity seekers know that
time spent getting actual press coverage is a better investment
than chasing dreams.  So go ahead and send that press kit to
Oprah but, in the meantime, work your butt off to get placement
in weekly papers, syndicates, e-zines, local radio and other less
glamorous places.  Scores of successful businesses have been
built on such “small” publicity.  You don’t need Oprah or
Newsweek or The Today Show.  You need coverage – anywhere and
anyway you can get it.  Dreamers dream.  Publicists get

5. Reading from a Script

It’s pretty annoying to pick up the phone at dinner time only to
have some guy reading a script about how great vinyl siding is.
Now imagine how a journalist, who’s busy working on deadline,
feels about “publicists” calling up to do the same thing again
and again.  If you’re planning to phone pitch a journalist, never
read from a script or repeat a rehearsed spiel.  She’s a human
being, so talk to her that way.  (And always start your call with
“Is this a good time to talk?”.  Never just launch into your

6. Using Outdated Media Lists

News flash:  Look magazine is out of business.  So too are about
half of the new magazines launched in the past decade, for that
matter.  Your media list is the lifeblood of your publicity
seeking efforts.  Take the time to keep it fresh and up to date,
or you’ll be wasting your time.  Invest in Bacon’s media guide
(, visit websites of publications that interest
you, visit your local library or bookstore’s magazine rack.  Do a
little homework and you’ll get a big edge.

7. Not Understanding Timing

A non-savvy publicity seeker would ask, “Why do a story about
Christmas publicity in June?”  A smart publicity seeker
understands completely.  It’s all in the timing.  If you’re not
thinking months ahead, then it’s probably too late.  In early
summer, you should be working on “back to school” releases for
newspapers and other short-leads (it’s already too late for long-
lead magazines).  Have something to offer for Thanksgiving?
Start planning now.  Learn the lead times for various
publications, plan out a yearly schedule.  Plan ahead. Plan
ahead. Plan ahead.

8. Not Being Accessible

If a journalist wants to use your release, he may call to get
some more information, get some clarification or even to see if
you actually exist.  If he gets voice-mail (or a busy signal) and
doesn’t hear back from you, you’ve probably blown it.  On your
releases and pitch letters, include the most accessible phone
number you have (your cell phone, perhaps, if you’re on the road
a lot) and an e-mail address you check throughout the day.  If
you miss a call from a journalist, or receive an e-mail, get back
to him immediately.  Don’t put it off — he could be on deadline
and have calls in to your competitors.

9. Not Telling the Truth

There may be worse people to lie to than journalists —
detectives, IRS agents, the guy who’s administering your lie
detector test — but not many.  Think about it folks: these men
and women are trained to discover the truth.  They know how to do
research and how to talk to others in your fields to determine
whether or not you’re being truthful.  So don’t take any chances.
Don’t even think about inflating your sales numbers, or making up
a story, or pitching something that’s mostly BS.  Not only will
they figure it out, your attempts to bamboozle them may even make
it into the press.

10. Being Sloppy

Typos, bad printing, hideous press kit covers, poorly shot
photos, improperly formatted press releases…these are the signs
of an amateur.  Amateurs don’t get coverage.  Before you send out
anything, proof it.  Then proof it again.  Then give it to
someone else to proof.  Then proof it again.

This Sales & Marketing article was written by Bill Stoller on 4/5/2006

Bill Stoller, the “”Publicity Insider””, has spent two decades as
one of America’s top publicists. Now, through his website, eZine
and subscription newsletter, Free Publicity: The Newsletter for
PR-Hungry Businesses
he’s sharing — for the very first time — his secrets of scoring
big publicity. For free articles, killer publicity tips and
much, much more, visit Bill’s exclusive new site: